- sabbat(h), witches'
- In many parts of Europe from about 1400 onwards it was thought that on certain nights witches gathered to worship Satan, with feasting and obscene orgies, and to plan their evil deeds. Such assemblies were called 'synagogues' or 'sabbaths', since Jews supposedly worshipped the Devil. These ideas barely touched England; only half a dozen references have been found - three in Lancashire (two in 1612, one in 1633), and one each in Yorkshire (1622), Devon (1638), and Northumberland (1673) (Sharpe, 1996: 76-8, 278-80). Two of the Lancashire sabbaths were said to have been held on a *Good Friday, 'one constant day for a yearly generall meetinge of witches' - a dramatic reversal of Christian ritual, by feasting on a fast-day. The Devon sabbath was set on *Mid-summer Eve; for the others no date is given.These English accounts mention no sexual orgies, but the *Devil is usually said to be present, and in the Devon account he licks the witches, leaving a black mark; one Lancashire teenager said she had seen witches dig up and eat a dead baby. However, there are also fantasies drawn from folk traditions, especially in the statements from the boy Edmund Robinson in Lancashire in 1633 and from Anne Armstrong in Northumberland in 1673. Both claimed to have been turned into horses and ridden to a house where witches pulled on ropes hanging from the rafters, whereupon roast meat, milk, butter, cheese, and wine fell from the air for their feast.
A Dictionary of English folklore. Jacqueline Simpson & Steve Roud. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
sabbat — witches sabbath, 1650s, from French form of SABBATH (Cf. sabbath) (q.v.); a special application of that word … Etymology dictionary
sabbat — [sab′ət] n. [Fr, SABBATH] [sometimes S ] WITCHES SABBATH … English World dictionary
sabbat — A wild party of witches, heretics, DEMONs, and the DEVIL in a remote location. The participants supposedly indulge in obscene behavior, orgies, gluttony, blasphemy, worship of the Devil, and the cannibalism of roasted infants. Use of the term… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology
Witches' Sabbath — The Witches Sabbath or Sabbat is a supposed meeting of those who practice witchcraft, Satanism, or other rites. European records tell of innumerable cases of persons being accused or tried for taking part in Sabbat gatherings, from the Middle… … Wikipedia
Sabbat (World of Darkness) — articleissues notable=June 2008 in universe=June 2008 primarysources=June 2008WoD vampireThe Sabbat (also known as Sword of Caine ) are a fictional sect of vampires, composed of several clans and bloodlines, from White Wolf Game Studio s books… … Wikipedia
sabbat — /ˈsæbæt/ (say sabat), /ˈsæbət/ (say sabuht) noun 1. (in Wicca, neo paganism, etc.) any of eight annual meetings held to celebrate the changing of seasons, comprising the four greater sabbats and the four lesser sabbats. 2. Also, witches sabbat,… … Australian English dictionary
witches' Sabbath — Demonology. Sabbat. [1670 80] * * * ▪ rite nocturnal gathering of witches (witchcraft), a colourful and intriguing part of the lore surrounding them in Christian European tradition. The concept dates from the mid 14th century when it first… … Universalium
Sabbat — /sab euht/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Demonology. (in the 14th 16th centuries) a secret rendezvous of witches and sorcerers for worshiping the Devil, characterized by orgiastic rites, dances, feasting, etc. Also, Sabbath. Also called witches Sabbath.… … Universalium
witches' sabbat — /ˌwɪtʃəz ˈsæbæt/ (say .wichuhz sabat) noun → sabbat (def. 2) … Australian English dictionary
witches' Sabbath — noun A supposed meeting of witches at midnight to practice sorcery or to take part in a demonic orgy. Syn: sabbat … Wiktionary